Millennium Project

Environmental Security Studies

Emerging International Definitions, Perceptions, and Policy Considerations

The full report is included in the State of the Future after 2001. A shorter version: "Defining Environmental Security: Implications for the U.S. Army" is available on the AEPI website, or for more information contact John J.Fittipaldi <>

Executive Summary

1. Introduction and Study Design

2. Definitions of Environmental Security

3. Environmental Security Threats and Policy Leadership Responsibilities

4. Issues of Environmental Security

5. Views on Policies and Responsibilities

6. Recommendations


A. List of Participants

B. Questionnaires

C. Perelet paper

D. Bibliography

E. Related Issues and Opportunities from The Millennium Project

F. International Protocols, Treaties, and Conventions related to Environmental Security

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